Abuja Journal of Agriculture and Environment (AJAE)

ANALYSIS OF SOCIO-ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS OF TOMATO (SOLANUM LYCOPERSICUM) FARMERS ADOPTERS OF ZERO ENERGY COOLING CHAMBER TECHNOLOGY IN KANO STATE, NIGERIA.
Author(s): Makinta, U., Bose, A. A. and Abu, I. A.
Volume/Issue: Volume 3 , Issue 1 (2023)

ABSTRACT:

The study conducted to assessed the socio-economic characteristics of tomato farmer adopters of zero energy cooling chamber technology in Kano State, Nigeria. Multi-stage purposive and random sampling technique was used to select 401 respondents from the three Agricultural Zones in the study area. Primary data were collected using structured questionnaire. Descriptive statistical tool was to analyse the data. The result revealed that the mean age of the respondents was 43 years and the mean house-hold size was 9persons. The average farm land was 6 Ha with a mean farming experience of 13 years. The result further revealed that all (100%) the tomato farmers were males and 90.9% were married. Only (31.9%) of the farmers had primary education with mixed cropping (55.3%) as their primary occupation. The result also showed that majority (50.8%) of the farmers are members of cooperative organisation and had contact with extension agents at least twice a month. Majority (60.4%) cultivated UTC tomato variety and 33.9%cultivated Roma VF variety. The average yield obtained in 2019/2020 tomato production season was 480baskets. Results on types of tomato packaging, handling and storage technology used before Zero Energy Cooling Chamber adoption indicated that the use of crates on the overall was highly effective with a mean value of 3.48. The study concluded that majority of the respondents were all males and fall within economically productive age group. UTC tomato variety was majorly cultivated in the area with a good yield with traditional raffia basket is the most effective method of tomato handling, packaging and storage prior to Zero Energy Cooling Chamber technology adoption. The study recommended that farmers should encourage more on the use of modern production technology and also group formation to enable them have access to both government and non-governmental support.

KEYWORDS:

Adopters, farmers, technology, tomato, Zero Energy Cooling Chamber