Abuja Journal of Agriculture and Environment (AJAE)

FARMERS' PERCEPTION OF IMPACT OF BOKO HARAM INSURGENCY ON RICE CULTIVATION IN JERE BOWL, JERE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA, BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
Author(s): Sheriff, U.L Jimme, M.A. and Mohammed, D.
Volume/Issue: Volume 1 , Issue 2 (2021)

ABSTRACT:

This study analyzed farmers’ perception of impact of Boko Haram Insurgency on agricultural activities inthe Jere bowl Borno State, Nigeria. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used in selecting two hundred and fifty-three in five communities. Data were collected through personal interview. The Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics such as frequency, tables and pie charts. Findings indicated that 82% of the respondents were male, 64% aged 21-40 years old, 65% had 6-15 household members and 56% had no formal education. Result on agricultural activities affected by insurgency indicates that 41.5% of the respondent’s reported inaccessibility to farmland and 30% agreed that insurgency destroyed farmland. The study observed that farmlands, market places and households suffered the most from Boko Haram insurgency attack among the variable studied. It was observed that respondents flee to neighboring communities as IDPs (60%), hide in their houses (27%) and pay taxes to the insurgents to save their lives and properties (13%) as safety coping strategies to insurgency during insurgency period. Result on livelihood coping strategies indicated that 27% of the respondents came back to their community and continued with their farming activities, 15% of the respondents went to other communities to cut down trees for charcoal business, 19% of the respondents opted for meat selling in abattoirs and in towns. Based on the findings, it is recommended that the government should empower insurgency-stricken communities to strengthen coping activities, provide more security presences to contain their fear and strengthen their confidence of farming, establish agricultural assistance programmes through Agricultural Development Banks and other financial lending institutions to support farmers with soft loans, fertilizers, insecticides etc in an attempt to boost agricultural practices in the affected areas.

KEYWORDS:

Boko Haram, Insurgency, Rice, Jere Bowl