Abuja Journal of Agriculture and Environment (AJAE)

EFFECT OF FERTILIZER APPLICATION AND METHODS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF RICE (FARO 57) IN DELTA MANGROVE WETLAND
Author(s): Onutugoma, E., Shema, A.M., Manasseh, E.A., Okevhe, G.E. and Mumeen, M.C.
Volume/Issue: Volume 1 , Issue 2 (2021)

ABSTRACT:

Field experiments were carried out in a Delta mangrove wetland to determine the effect of different application of fertilizer methods on the performance of rice (Faro 57) during 2017 and 2018 cropping seasons. The treatments consisted of combined application of basal NPK fertilizer and varying split application (in two doses and three) of urea fertilizer either by broadcasting or foliar spray at different rates(23 Kg Nha-1 each), which were combined and laid in a randomized complete block design (RCBD) with four replications. Data on number of tillers, plant height, number of panicles, days to 50% heading and grain yield were generated and subjected to analysis of variance test. Results obtained shows that plot where urea is applied in split doses (T3 and T4) resulted in higher yields in both 2017 (3.04 tha-1 and 3.48 tha-1) and in2018 (3.13 tha-1 and 3.39 tha-1), respectively. The performances of treatment T3 in both 2017 and 2018 in terms of days to 50% heading (94) and plant heights (133.48 cm and 133.47cm) was better than other treatment combinations. Therefore, it is recommended that basal (NPK) + 2 splits urea (Foliar method) (T3)be adopted in the experimental area and other areas of similar ecological conditions for maximum utilization of nutrients for optimum yield of rice productivity.

KEYWORDS:

Fertilizer, Performance, Rice and Mangroove Wetland