Abuja Journal of Agriculture and Environment (AJAE)

EVALUATION OF FARMERS' LEVEL OF KNOWLEDGE AND ADOPTION LEVELS OF IMPROVED ONION PRODUCTION PRACTICES IN IGABI LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KADUNA STATE, NIGERIA
Author(s): S. W. J. Lyocks, J. S. Lyocks, G. A. Fumen, and D. T. Asonibare
Volume/Issue: Volume 1 , Issue 2 (2021)

ABSTRACT:

The study evaluated farmers’ knowledge on improved onion production practices in Igabi Local Government Area of Kaduna State. The specific objectives of the study were to identify and describe improved onion production technics available to the farmers; their level of knowledge; determine the factors influencing the package adoption; examine the farmers’ level of knowledge and identify the constraints to onion production. Multi-stage sampling procedure was used to purposively select Igabi LGA, three districts of Igabi, Rigachukun and Rigasa and three villages from each district due to high activities of onion production. Primary data were collected using a structured questionnaire. The data were subjected to descriptive statistic and regression analysis. The result showed a mean age of 45.87years, 78.6% were male,85% were married, and 97.1% had farming as their primary occupation. The mean household size was 7persons per household and 32.1 % of the onion farmers had non-formal education with 9 years mean farming experience on average farm sizes of 0.72ha. The results also showed that 67.1% and 47.9% of the respondents had >60% knowledge on planting date, soil type and plant spacing, while >80% had low level of Fertilizer rates. Regression analysis showed that level of education and access to finance were positive and significant in explaining adoption at P>5% . Major problems militating against improved onion production were pest and disease attack 32.2%, and inadequate storage facilities 21.4%. It was concluded that levels of knowledge of the farmers on improved onion production practice was low attributable partly to the relatively low level of education and inadequate extension services. More so, use mass media for educating farmers on improved onion production practices should be emphasized. Few farmers use some improved practices out of many years of production experience. It is recommended that adequate trainings be organised for the onion growers to upgrade their production practices, while cooperatives should organise mass literacy campaigns.

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