Abuja Journal of Agriculture and Environment (AJAE)

AN ANALYSIS OF GROUNDNUT PRODUCTION AMONG COOPERATIVE AND NON-COOPERATIVE FARMERS IN KWAYA KUSAR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF BORNO STATE, NIGERIA
Author(s): Tahir, A.D., Ibrahim, U.S., Alkali, H.M. and Danladi, H.
Volume/Issue: Volume 1 , Issue 1 (2021)

ABSTRACT:

The study compared groundnut production by cooperative and non-cooperative farmers in kwaya kusar LGA of Borno State, Nigeria. Eighty farmers were selected for the study using multi-stage sampling procedure. Data were collected with the aid of structured questionnaire and were analysed using descriptive and budgetary techniques. The result revealed that 92.50% and 87.50% of the cooperative and non-cooperative farmers respectively were males. About 50% of cooperative and non-cooperative farmers were within the age of 31-40 years, 50% and 60% of cooperative and non-cooperative farmers had farm size of 2.1-3ha respectively. Again, 50% and 62.50% of the cooperative and non-cooperative farmers had secondary school education. Also, 65% and 50% of the cooperative and non-cooperative farmers had farming experience of 11-20 years. The gross margin analysis showed that the total cost of production per hectare was N 38,519 and N 48,850 for cooperative and non-cooperative farmers respectively. The total revenue was N 173,940 for cooperative farmers and N 125,000 for non-cooperative farmers. The result also revealed that the operation ratio of 0.22 and 0.39 for cooperative and non-cooperative farmers with the return per naira invested of 3.51 and 1.56 respectively. The major constraints were low priced produce, cattle interference and poor extension contacts. It was recommended that more farmers should be encouraged to join cooperative to afford them the benefits of group action for the better pricing of produce, access to inputs and reduced production cost.

KEYWORDS:

Comparative, Cooperative, Non-Cooperative, Groundnut, farmers