Abuja Journal of Agriculture and Environment (AJAE)

PROFITABILITY AND CONSTRAINTS TO DRY-SEASON CUCUMBER CULTIVATION BY SMALL-HOLDER FARMERS IN THE KADAWA IRRIGATION PROJECT, KANO STATE, NIGERIA
Author(s): Ojeleye, O.A., Egwuma, H. Ali, A. and Suleiman, R.
Volume/Issue: Volume 1 , Issue 1 (2021)

ABSTRACT:

Cucumber is one of the most important exotic vegetables in Nigeria and it is gaining increasing attention for its inherent health benefits. This study examined the profitability and constraints to cucumber production in the Kadawa Irrigation Project, Kano State, Nigeria. Multi-stage technique was adopted for sample selection while questionnaire was used for data collection. A total of 153 cucumber farmers were used for the study. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, gross margin analysis, linear profit function regression and Garret ranking technique. Majority of the farmers were male (98.69%) with an average age of 39 years. An average of 0.38 ha farm size was devoted to cucumber production which was 28.15% of the total irrigable land available to the average farmers. Gross margin analysis revealed a gross profit of N438,970.74/ha being 89.67% gross profit margin. The linear profit function analysis indicated that cost of weeding (1%), cost of seed (5%), cost of pesticides (5%), and cost of transportation (5%) amongst others were statistically significant. The study further revealed the major constraints faced by cucumber farmers to include pest and diseases, high cost of hybrid seeds and unfavourable climatic condition causing plant wilt. Consequently, awareness campaign for cucumber producers by extension workers is necessary in order to train them in the best farming practices to deal with pest and diseases as well as cope with changing climatic conditions. In addition, for the farmers to attract higher profit, the spatial value addition to cucumber should be encouraged through facilitation of transportation means to consumer markets.

KEYWORDS:

Profitability, Constraints, Cucumber Cultivation, Small-holder Farmers, Irrigation, Kano State.