Abuja Journal of Agriculture and Environment (AJAE)

FOOD SAFETY AND USAGE OF PESTICIDES: THE CASE OF IRRIGATED CUCUMBER PRODUCTION AMONG SMALL-SCALE FARMERS IN KADAWA IRRIGATION SITE, KANO STATE, NIGERIA
Author(s): Ojeleye O.A., Igbadun, H.E., Egwuma, H., Alao S.E.L. and Oladimeji, Y.U.
Volume/Issue: Volume 1 , Issue 1 (2021)

ABSTRACT:

Food safety is gaining increased importance over the years due to its impact on the health of consumers. This study looks at food safety and usage of pesticides in irrigated cucumber production among small-scale farmers in Kadawa Irrigation Site, Kano State, Nigeria. The data used for analysis were collected by means of random and snowball sampling procedure, from 153 farmers in five villages. The data were analyzed using descriptive statistics. Findings show that majority of the farmers (69.94%) were within the age bracket 18 to 40 years with average age of 39 years. An average of 0.38ha farm size was devoted to Cucumber production which was 28.15% of the total irrigable land available to the average farmer. Findings further revealed a varied number of pesticides being used by farmers and the pesticides were mostly sourced from local agrochemical dealers (82.35%), as sources of information on usage were from fellow farmers (50.33%) and the agrochemical dealers (40.52%). Meanwhile, information about usage handed out to farmers from agrochemical dealers and farmer-to-farmer cannot be trusted. Moreover, deducing the safety of usage of pesticides in irrigated cucumber production vis-à-vis sources of pesticides, sources of information, perception to optimum dosing and how harmful the misuse of pesticides can be to the cucumber consumers; the safety of cucumber consumption cannot be guaranteed. A vigorous safety campaign of pesticides use becomes highly imperative. Further studies to possibly look into the amount of chemical residues in cucumber fruits is also recommended.

KEYWORDS:

Food Safety, Usage of Pesticides, Cucumber Production, Small-Scale Farmers, Irrigation, Kano State